Redcliffe, to the north of Brisbane, was the site of the first European settlement in Queensland. It is situated on a peninsula fronting picturesque Moreton Bay, and became a favoured holiday resort for Brisbane citizens seeking escape from the humid summers. Now it is home to many and a city in its own right. In earlier days, the only access was either by ferry across the bay or by taking a long road trip via Petrie. Queensland developer and entrepreneur Manuel Hornibrook had a vision of building a bridge across the mouth of the South Pine River to provide a more direct road route to Redcliffe. The idea may have been borne out of a desire to keep his employees at work during the depression years of the early 1930s, and Hornibrook needed to sell his vision to the State government to enable the project to proceed. His initial approach in 1931 didn't receive approval, but Hornibrook persisted, and he was finally given permission to build a toll bridge, raising the initial funds by public subscription.
(Photo: State Library of Queensland and John Oxley Library; #19879)
Work proceeded slowly as funds were raised gradually, but accelerated in later years as some government-backed loans were received from the AMP Society.The Hornibrook Bridge was completed in 1935, and here is a picture of it on opening day, 4th October of that year.
(Photo: State Library of Queensland and John Oxley Library; #74132)
Despite the fact that it was always a very bumpy ride, and that the bridge seemed to rise and fall as if governed by the waves, it provided sterling service to the people of Redcliffe until 1979, when increasing traffic flow and the lack of a rail service to the area required the construction of a new bridge. The new bridge was named the Houghton Highway after a local politician, and the Hornibrook Bridge was closed to vehicular traffic from the opening of the new one, although it remained open to pedestrians and cyclists. It has also become a favoured fishing platform for many anglers.
However, history has repeated itself. The government still has not provided funds for a rail connection between Brisbane and Redcliffe. Queensland, and in particular the south-east corner of the state, is inhaling southern immigrants at the rate of 2,000 per week and infrastructure is groaning under that pressure. Another bridge has been constructed to improve traffic flow to Redcliffe, and it is now ready for use. Here is a picture of the three bridges - in the foreground, the original Hornibrook Bridge with anglers and pedestrians; then the bridge that is currently in use, the Houghton Highway (you can see vehicles on that bridge - click for a larger image); and lastly the new bridge which has just been completed. The high-rise towers of Brisbane are visible in the background.(Photo: © 2010 the foto fanatic)
The original bridge will be knocked down, save for some elements that will be kept for the fishermen. The following photo gives some idea of the length of water (at 2.7 kilometres in length across Bramble Bay, the longest in Australia) that has to be traversed by the bridges.
(Photo: © 2010 the foto fanatic)
The new bridge has been named the Ted Smout Memorial Bridge. Ted Smout passed away in 2004 at 106 years of age, and was accorded a state funeral. He wasn't a bridge builder or a politician - he was an ordinary bloke from Sandgate, a suburb on the southern side of the bridge, who, along with thousands of his mates, was called on to do extraordinary things on the battlefields of Europe during WWI. His enduring message to his fellow Australians is that we should not glorify war. I think he was a national treasure. Here is his picture.
(Photo: Fairfax Press; A Wylie)
In yet another local bridge-opening (next Sunday by my count, we will have opened four bridges and one tunnel since October) on 11 July, the Ted Smout Bridge will be opened to the public with a pedestrian walkover, the same way the Gateway Bridges were inaugurated. I hope lots of people walk the bridge in memory of this fine old digger.
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