When Captain James Cook sailed up the east coast of Australia he named Cleveland Bay, on the southern side of Moreton Bay, after the Duke of Cleveland. (How did he manage to do that, I find myself asking? Did Cook carry a very early copy of Debrett's Peerage with him on his voyages, or did he just have an encyclopaedic knowledge of English nobles?) The area around the bay started to be settled in the 1840s, mainly by farmers and fishermen. In 1874, the residents built an Anglican Church which was then consecrated in 1876. It is St Paul's Anglican Church, and it is shown below in 1905.
(Photo: State Library of Queensland and John Oxley Library; #141595)
The church was designed by James Furnival and built for around £500. In 1908 the shingle roof was replaced with asbestos slate, and the original wooden bell tower was also replaced. For the church's golden jubilee in 1924, Lange Powell did some renovations and also designed an extension to the church in the form of a front porch, which can be seen in today's photographs below.
(Photos: © 2010 the foto fanatic)
A rail connection to Brisbane was initially vital to move goods to and from Cleveland, but later became useful for the people of Brisbane to be able to visit the bayside town for recreation and bathing. From those humble beginnings it has grown into a large suburb of Redland City. Recent canal developments have led parts such as Raby Bay to contain some of south-east Queensland's most expensive homes.
Click here for a Google Map.
Next: Boot maker